ASTM A240 Properties (Chem., Mech. & Rankings) 2022

In this post I'll talk about and give details about ASTM A240. First let's describe it and then have a look at its material's properties.

What is ASTM A240?

ASTM A240 is a Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications.


Corrosion-Resisting and Heat-Resisting Steels


This specification covers chromium, chromium-nickel, and chromium-manganese-nickel stainless steel plate, sheet, and strip for pressure vessels and for general applications.

Ok let's start with ASTM A240 chemical composition.

Chemical Composition

Grade 304

C max.


Mn max.


P max.


S max.


Si max.



17.5 - 19.5


8.0 - 10.5

N max.


Learn more aboutĀ chemical composition.

Now it's the mechanical properties turn:

Yield Strength

Grade 304

30 ksi (205 MPa) min

Learn more aboutĀ what is yield strength.

Tensile Strength

Grade 304

75 ksi (515 MPa) min

Learn more aboutĀ what is tensile strength.

Elongation (min.) 50 mm


Learn more aboutĀ what is elongation.

Reduction of Area (min. %)

Not Required.

Learn more aboutĀ reduction of area.

Hardness Requirements

Grade 304

201 HB or 92 HRB max

Learn more aboutĀ what is hardness.


7480 - 8000 kg/m3 (around 7.9 g/cm3 or 0.285 lb/in3).

Learn more aboutĀ density.

Elastic Modulus

180 GPa (26107 ksi) - 210GPa (30458 ksi).

Learn more about theĀ Elastic Modulus.

Poisson's Ratio

Usually around 0.26 ā€“ 0.31.

Learn more about theĀ poisson ratio.

Allowable Stress

Depends on the project (And its factor of safety).

Learn more about theĀ what is allowable stress.

My Material's Rank

While engineers will often look for the cheapest material they can use, I took a different approach to material's selection to help newbie students.

I ranked materials according to their yield strengths and ASTM A240 currently ranks 108Ā in my yield strength index. This means there are other 107 materials that are more resistant.

Note: I've analysed 134 materials in order to create an yield strength index. Check my astm material's comparison post for more details.

Details and PDF


  1. Go to this page.
  2. Type the name of the standard you are looking for in the search box. Tip: Don't forget to include "ASTM" as a keyword.
  3. Read the details about the standard or download the PDF.

ASTM Classroom

Are you having trouble understanding the basics of ASTM?

What is the difference between Code, Standard & Specification?

This video will walk you through:



When you need to include a fact or piece of information in an assignment or essay you should also include where and how you found that piece of information.

That gives credibility to your paper and it is sometimes required in higher education.

To make your life (and citation) easier just copy & paste the information below into your assignment or essay:

Luz, Gelson. ASTM A240 Properties (Chem., Mech. & Rankings). Materials Blog. dd mmmm. yyyy. <URL>

Now replace dd, mmmm and yyyy with the day, month, and year you browsed this page. Also replace URL for the actual url of this page (The < and > stay, ok?). This citation format is based on MLA.

Other References

A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testingā£
of Steel Productsā£
A480/A480M Specification for General Requirements forā£
Flat-Rolled Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Plate,ā£
Sheet, and Stripā£
A923 Test Methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallicā£
Phase in Duplex Austenitic/Ferritic Stainless Steelsā£
E112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Sizeā£
E527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in theā£
Unified Numbering System (UNS)ā£


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Materials: ASTM A240 Properties (Chem., Mech. & Rankings) 2022
ASTM A240 Properties (Chem., Mech. & Rankings) 2022
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