Where does the elongation of the test specimen occur?This necking occurs between the yield strength and the rupture of the test specimen.
Elongation is the percentage increase in length of the test specimen "useful part".
What is the practical meaning of elongation?Elongation is a measure of the ductility of a material.
Briefly, a material that has high elongation in its test specimen during a tensile test is considered ductile ("soft").
Steps in determining percentage elongationWe need to go through four steps:
- The initial length of measurement (L0) is determined. Details in my article on the traction test test specimen.
- Conducting the tensile test
- Join the broken parts for the determination of the final length (L)
- Calculate the elongation according to the following formula:
The result is given in %.