ASTM A36 Properties (Chem., Mech. & Rankings) 2022

In this post I'll talk about and give details about ASTM A36. First let's describe it and then have a look at its material's properties.

What is ASTM A36?

ASTM A36 is a Specification for Carbon Structural Steel.


Structural Steel


This specification covers carbon steel shapes, plates, and bars of structural quality for use in riveted, bolted, or welded construction of bridges and buildings, and for general structural purposes.

Ok let's start with ASTM A36 chemical composition.

Chemical Composition


C max.


P max.


S max.


Si max


Cu min.

0.20,Ā when copper steel is specified

Learn more aboutĀ chemical composition.

Now it's the mechanical properties turn:

Yield Strength

36 ksi (250 MPa) min

Learn more aboutĀ what is yield strength.

Tensile Strength

58 - 80 ksi (400 - 550 MPa)

Learn more aboutĀ what is tensile strength.

Elongation (min.) 50 mm


Learn more aboutĀ what is elongation.

Reduction of Area (min. %)

Not Required.

Learn more aboutĀ reduction of area.


7800 - 8000 kg/m3 (around 7.9 g/cm3 or 0.285 lb/in3).

Learn more aboutĀ density.

Elastic Modulus

190 GPa (27557 ksi) - 210GPa (30458 ksi).

Learn more about theĀ Elastic Modulus.

Poisson's Ratio

0.27 ā€“ 0.30.

Learn more about theĀ poisson ratio.

Allowable Stress

Depends on the project (And its factor of safety).

Learn more about theĀ what is allowable stress.

My Material's Rank

While engineers will often look for the cheapest material they can use, I took a different approach to material's selection to help newbie students.

I ranked materials according to their yield strengths and ASTM A36 currently ranks 83Ā in my yield strength index. This means there are other 82 materials that are more resistant.

Note: I've analysed 134 materials in order to create an yield strength index. Check my astm material's comparison post for more details.

Details and PDF


  1. Go to this page.
  2. Type the name of the standard you are looking for in the search box. Tip: Don't forget to include "ASTM" as a keyword.
  3. Read the details about the standard or download the PDF.

ASTM Classroom

Are you having trouble understanding the basics of ASTM?

What is the difference between Code, Standard & Specification?

This video will walk you through:



When you need to include a fact or piece of information in an assignment or essay you should also include where and how you found that piece of information.

That gives credibility to your paper and it is sometimes required in higher education.

To make your life (and citation) easier just copy & paste the information below into your assignment or essay:

Luz, Gelson. ASTM A36 Properties (Chem., Mech. & Rankings). Materials Blog. dd mmmm. yyyy. <URL>

Now replace dd, mmmm and yyyy with the day, month, and year you browsed this page. Also replace URL for the actual url of this page (The < and > stay, ok?). This citation format is based on MLA.

Other References

A 6 /A 6M Specification for General Requirements forā£
Rolled Structural Steel Bars, Plates, Shapes, and Sheetā£

A 27/A 27M Specification for Steel Castings, Carbon, forā£
General Applicationā£

A 307 Specification for Carbon Steel Bolts and Studs,ā£
60 000 psi Tensile Strengthā£

A 325 Specification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heatā£
Treated, 120/105 ksi Minimum Tensile Strengthā£

A 325M Specification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heatā£
Treated 830 MPa Minimum Tensile Strength [Metric]ā£

A 500 Specification for Cold-Formed Welded and Seamlessā£
Carbon Steel Structural Tubing in Rounds andā£

A 501 Specification for Hot-Formed Welded and Seamlessā£
Carbon Steel Structural Tubingā£

A 502 Specification for Rivets, Steel, Structuralā£

A 563 Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nutsā£

A 563M Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nutsā£

A 668/A 668M Specification for Steel Forgings, Carbonā£
and Alloy, for General Industrial Useā£

A 1011/A 1011M Specification for Steel, Sheet and Strip,ā£
Hot-Rolled, Carbon, Structural High Strengh Low Alloy,ā£
and High Strength Low Alloy with Improved Formabilityā£

F 568M Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Externallyā£
Threaded Metric Fastenersā£


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Materials: ASTM A36 Properties (Chem., Mech. & Rankings) 2022
ASTM A36 Properties (Chem., Mech. & Rankings) 2022
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