What is ASTM A354?ASTM A354 is a Specification for Quenched and Tempered Alloy Steel Bolts, Studs, and Other Externally Threaded Fasteners.
CategorySteel Bolting Materials
ScopeThis specification covers the chemical and mechanical requirements of quenched and tempered alloy steel bolts, studs, and other externally threaded fasteners 4 in. and under in diameter for application at normal atmospheric temperatures, where high strength is required and for limited application at elevated temperature.
Ok let's start with ASTM A354 chemical composition.
Alloy steel no Boron addition
C0.30 - 0.53
Learn more about chemical composition.
Now it's the mechanical properties turn:
Grade BD 1 in bolt size78 800 lbf min
Learn more about what is yield strength.
Grade BD 1 in bolt size90 900 lbf min.
Learn more about what is tensile strength.
Elongation (min.) 50 mm (if machined specimen)0.14.
Learn more about what is elongation.
Reduction of Area (min. %)40% (If machined).
Learn more about reduction of area.
Density7800 - 8000 kg/m3 (around 7.9 g/cm3 or 0.285 lb/in3).
Learn more about density.
Elastic Modulus190 GPa (27557 ksi) - 210GPa (30458 ksi).
Learn more about the Elastic Modulus.
Poisson's Ratio0.27 – 0.30.
Learn more about the poisson ratio.
Allowable StressDepends on the project (And its factor of safety).
Learn more about the what is allowable stress.
My Material's RankWhile engineers will often look for the cheapest material they can use, I took a different approach to material's selection to help newbie students.
I ranked materials according to their yield strengths and ASTM A354 currently ranks 150 in my yield strength index. This means there are other 149 materials that are more resistant.
Note: I've analysed 134 materials in order to create an yield strength index. Check my astm material's comparison post for more details.
ASTM ClassroomAre you having trouble understanding the basics of ASTM?
What is the difference between Code, Standard & Specification?
This video will walk you through:
CitationWhen you need to include a fact or piece of information in an assignment or essay you should also include where and how you found that piece of information.
That gives credibility to your paper and it is sometimes required in higher education.
To make your life (and citation) easier just copy & paste the information below into your assignment or essay:
Luz, Gelson. ASTM A354 Properties (Chem., Mech. & Rankings). Materials Blog. Gelsonluz.com. dd mmmm. yyyy. <URL>
Now replace dd, mmmm and yyyy with the day, month, and year you browsed this page. Also replace URL for the actual url of this page (The < and > stay, ok?). This citation format is based on MLA.
Other ReferencesA193/A193M Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless
Steel Bolting for High Temperature or High Pressure
Service and Other Special Purpose Applications
A490 Specification for Structural Bolts, Alloy Steel, Heat
Treated, 150 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength
A563 Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts
A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical
Analysis of Steel Products
B695 Specification for Coatings of Zinc Mechanically Deposited
on Iron and Steel
D3951 Practice for Commercial Packaging
F436 Specification for Hardened Steel Washers
F606 Test Methods for Determining the Mechanical Properties
of Externally and Internally Threaded Fasteners,
Washers, Direct Tension Indicators, and Rivets
F788/F788M Specification for Surface Discontinuities of
Bolts, Screws, and Studs, Inch and Metric Series