What is ASTM A216?ASTM A216 is a Specification for Steel Castings, Carbon, Suitable for Fusion Welding for High- Temperature Service.
CategoryCorrosion-Resisting and Heat-Resisting Steels
ScopeThis specification covers carbon steel castings for valves, flanges, fittings, or other pressure-containing parts for high-temperature service and of quality suitable for assembly with other castings or wrought-steel parts by fusion welding.
Ok let's start with ASTM A216 chemical composition.
Learn more about chemical composition.
Now it's the mechanical properties turn:
Grade WCB36 ksi (250MPa) min
Learn more about what is yield strength.
Grade WCB70 to 95 (485 to 655 MPa)
Learn more about what is tensile strength.
Elongation (min.) 50 mm0.22.
Learn more about what is elongation.
Reduction of Area (min. %)0.35.
Learn more about reduction of area.
Density7800 - 8000 kg/m3 (around 7.9 g/cm3 or 0.285 lb/in3).
Learn more about density.
Elastic Modulus190 GPa (27557 ksi) - 210GPa (30458 ksi).
Learn more about the Elastic Modulus.
Poisson's Ratio0.27 – 0.30.
Learn more about the poisson ratio.
Allowable StressDepends on the project (And its factor of safety).
Learn more about the what is allowable stress.
My Material's RankWhile engineers will often look for the cheapest material they can use, I took a different approach to material's selection to help newbie students.
I ranked materials according to their yield strengths and ASTM A216 currently ranks 81 in my yield strength index. This means there are other 80 materials that are more resistant.
Note: I've analysed 134 materials in order to create an yield strength index. Check my astm material's comparison post for more details.
ASTM ClassroomAre you having trouble understanding the basics of ASTM?
What is the difference between Code, Standard & Specification?
This video will walk you through:
CitationWhen you need to include a fact or piece of information in an assignment or essay you should also include where and how you found that piece of information.
That gives credibility to your paper and it is sometimes required in higher education.
To make your life (and citation) easier just copy & paste the information below into your assignment or essay:
Luz, Gelson. ASTM A216 Properties (Chem., Mech. & Rankings). Materials Blog. Gelsonluz.com. dd mmmm. yyyy. <URL>
Now replace dd, mmmm and yyyy with the day, month, and year you browsed this page. Also replace URL for the actual url of this page (The < and > stay, ok?). This citation format is based on MLA.
Other ReferencesA 703/A 703M Specification for Steel Castings, General
Requirements, for Pressure-Containing Parts
A 985/A 985M Specification for Steel Investment Castings
General Requirements, for Pressure-Containing
E 165 Test Method for Liquid Penetrant Examination
E 709 Guide for Magnetic Particle Examination